Part 1 of the Linux photography workflow is here.
Step 4: Photo Management and RAW Editing
Software: Corel Aftershot Pro
Finally, we get to the fun stuff. Your monitor has been properly calibrated, you have downloaded all of your photos (that follow a proper naming convention), and all the necessary metadata is stored inside them. Now you can start viewing your work and deciding which photos will be edited. In comes Corel Aftershot Pro.
In a nutshell, Corel Aftershot Pro is a Lightroom replacement. It is a cross platform, color managed application that can perform non-destructive, multilayered editing of RAW photos (and JPEG, TIFF, etc.). It also a great photo manager that includes a very useful rating system.
A quick overview of Corel Aftershot Pro:
Unfortunately, Aftershot Pro doesn’t automatically find your monitor’s color profile in Linux (the Windows and Mac versions do). So before you begin, you need to setup Corel Aftershot Pro to use your system’s color profile (an .icc file you should have created this in Step 1). Go to File, Preferences, Color Management, and under Monitor Profile choose your ICC profile. Your ICC file is located in ~/.local/share/icc.
If you don’t know which ICC file is your active one, go to your System Settings, Color, highlight your active color profile, then click ‘View Details’ in the bottom right. From there you can see the file name. To make things easier, I copied the ICC file to a more convenient location and renamed it.
There are a lot of ways to go about sorting and editing in Aftershot Pro. I’ll explain the process that works for me.
- Open your folder of images in the Browse Panel on the left (images will load a lot faster if you import the folder into your Aftershot Pro catalogue).
- Hide the Browse Panel on the left and switch to ‘Image View’ by clicking the icon in the top right. Double click a photo, use the bracket keys to navigate, and start giving your photos a rating of 1-5 by using the corresponding number keys.
- After you have rated all your images, use the ‘Filter’ button in the top left to show only the photos rated with 4 or 5 stars.
- Switch to ‘Standard View’ (icon in top left), right click on an image in the Thumbnail Panel that you want to edit and choose Version, New Version from Master to make a copy.
- With the new version active, click the ‘Open Layer Manager’ button in the top right, then click the ‘Adjust’ button in the layers window to create a new adjustment layer.
- With the new adjustment layer active, begin making changes with the Tools Panel on the right such as exposure, recover highlights, etc.
- Click ‘Adjust’ again to create another adjustment layer. With the new layer highlighted, make further adjustments such as color balance, etc.
- Continue adding new adjustment layers and making changes as much as needed until your are happy with your image.
- Right click on the image in the Thumbnail Panel and choose Edit with GIMP (or Ctrl+E). I have it set to export a 300dpi TIFF file in Adobe RGB, but you can set it how you want under File, Preferences, External Editor.
You can also edit all of your photos first, and then do a batch export in JPEG or TIFF format by using the Output section of the Browse Panel. If you do, I recommend that you first right click on the name of the option you want under Batch Export, and adjust the settings. Make sure JPEGs are set to 100% quality, the correct color profile is chosen (ie: Adobe RGB, Pro Photo RGB, etc.), and that it is embedded.
It’s important to check the output settings before doing a batch export in Aftershot Pro
However, Aftershot Pro isn’t free. At the time of writing, it is on sale for $59.99 USD. It regularly costs $99.99. I’ve purchased several licences myself and am very happy with the product.
Other Software Options:
For those looking for a free alternative, check out Darktable. I personally haven’t tried it in over a year, but it looks like it has come a long way.
Step 5: Editing and Export
Software: GIMP 2.8
So this is the big one, the Photoshop replacement.
I’ve worked in Photoshop almost daily for several years now. It is fundamental to my career as a photographer. I know the tools, the layout, and the settings like the back of my hand. All this makes using GIMP a serious uphill battle.
However, after learning my way around GIMP a little, I’ve realized the tools and layout aren’t all that different from Photoshop. It’s just that I have such an established workflow in Photoshop that uses a lot of keyboard shortcuts and familiar techniques, that switching to GIMP feels like it has a steeper learning curve than it really does.
It’s easy to change GIMP’s Keyboard Shortcuts from the Edit menu
So to make the transition easier, I’ve listed the changes I made to GIMP’s keyboard shortcuts to mimic the ones I frequently use in Photoshop. They can all be changed from: Edit, Keyboard Shortcuts.
Keyboard Shortcuts to Change:
Under the View
Zoom 1:1 => Ctrl+Alt+0
Zoom Fit Image in Window => Ctrl+0
Zoom In: => Ctrl + =
Zoom Out: => Ctrl + -
None (deselect in PS) => Ctrl+D
Increase Brush Size More => ]
Decrease Bruch Size More => [
Paintbrush => B
Duplicate Layer => Ctrl+J
Also, from the main menu bar enable:
View => Navigation Window
View => Snap to Guides
View => Snap to Grid
View => Snap to Canvas Edge
Before I get started editing, once again the first thing that I need to address is color management.
To make sure GIMP is displaying your colors correctly, go to Edit, Preferences, Color Management. Make sure 'Mode of Operation' is set to 'Color Managed Display'. Under 'Monitor Profile' make sure the 'Try and use the system monitor profile' box is checked. If the term “try to use” doesn't sound certain enough to you, navigate to and choose your monitor's color profile from the drop down menu.
GIMP’s color management is set from the Preferences menu
From here, you can also choose a color profile for the working space. I shoot my photos in Adobe RGB because it has a wider gamut of colors than SRGB. This is great for print work. But, if I am preparing photos for the web, I will set it to SRGB so my images will be converted to web safe colors.
Now you should be ready to go. Take advantage of all the great tools GIMP has to offer and edit away! If you followed my process in Step 4, you should have an open TIFF file in GIMP. My workflow continues as so:
- Start adding layers and making changes, like Heal, Clone, using Layer Maks, Blend Modes, etc.
- Save your work as a XCF file (GIMP's native format). This is a “Working” format. It stores all of your layers and allows you to go back and make further changes without losing quality in the process.
- When you are done, go to File, Export, and choose the format you want to convert to, ie: JPEG, PNG, etc. This is a “Delivery” format that is easy for clients to use.
That should be it. All the software and setup a professional photographer needs to go from memory card to finished photos done entirely in Linux.
More on GIMP
Most likely, the first thing a professional photographer will notice when trying to edit in GIMP is the lack of non-destructive adjustment layers. From what I have read, the ground work for this has been laid out, and is planned for the next release via GEGL. I get around this by using the adjustment layers in Corel Aftershot Pro, then exporting to GIMP to do further editing.
To add more function to GIMP (like 'Save for web' and 'content aware fill'), you can install the GIMP Plugin Registry via the Ubuntu Software Centre (or Synaptic if you like to keep things fast and old school). Be sure to also install the add-on: ICC color profiles.
The Content Aware fill replacement is called Resynthesizer. After installing the plugin, you can then find it under Filter, Maps, Resynthesizer. There is some great information about it here and here.
There is also a video demonstration of resynthesizer:
Unfortunately, I never got it to work properly. I'll keep playing around with it before I make any final judgment.
Conclusion: Linux for Professional Photographers
So can a professional photographer switch to Linux full time? For me, the short answer is, “almost”.
I would say I am about 90% there. What is holding me back is my lack of experience in GIMP, or possibly, GIMP's lack of certain tools. But I need to spend more time reading manuals, tutorials, and working in GIMP before I can give a definite answer.
Specifically, I need to test several tools to see if they can match the Quick Select tool, Patch tool, and Refine Edge feature that I frequently use in Photoshop.
Also, the brush tool is unacceptably slow in GIMP 2.8 when color management is turned on. Color management isn't something a professional can turn off. Since I use brushes extensively to do selective editing on layer masks, this is a major drawback for me.
But everything else is there. The ingest, the tagging, the photo management, and raw editing.
I've dreamed of being able to do my job as a photographer in Linux for a long time (since Ubuntu 7.04), but have always had to keep around OS X or Windows for Adobe software. For the first time I feel like professional photography in Linux is a real possibility.
I am looking forward to editing further photoshoots in Linux and learning my way around GIMP (despite its absolutely horrible name).